Science Part II Articles
From Life to Information
This portion of the Science Area offers articles that span topics from the concept of a life's origin and evolution theory to the characteristics, features, molecules, and biological information that is inherent to life forms on Earth.
Specific titles for additional articles are found in Parts I and III.
Here are a few points covered in the articles listed here
So what support does evolution have to even start the biological discussion? Picture yourself sitting on a three-legged stool. If we remove one leg for missing the evidence from astronomy (preceding page), then there are only two legs left. But if we remove chemical origins, there is only one leg on the stool to support biological evolution. In the following pages of the Science Area of WindowView there will be further evidence that even the third leg on the stool is missing. (from: Chemical Origins — Yes or No... )
There are actually two components to Darwin's theory. One we can call the general theory and the other the special theory on evolution. Here, we say general for what is also known as 'macroevolution.' This is to say all life forms appear to have descended from some one or several ancestral forms from long ago. This is the evolution we commonly think of as the 'standard story.' (from: Time Required for Macroevolution to Occur)
Fossils helped evolutionists and taxonomists to suggest initial schemes showing how life might fit a sequential order. That order appears to form a continuum. This, as Darwin surmised, would one day be the conclusive proof for evolution—if in fact evolution theory were correct. And it was obvious to Darwin, and others in his day, that evidence for the all important transitional intermediates was lacking. These forms were necessary to make the continuum a reality. Without these the theory appeared flawed. (from: Fossils — The appearance of Life)
So often we simply assume that evolutionary forces somehow coordinate the changes that must have taken place over time as one life form turns into an entirely different form. Or so we are left to assume. If there is any such change and if coordinated in any way, then that is admitting to characteristics better suited to design and intelligence— not chance; the production of something new simply by repeated trial and error. To picture how a massive number of changes are required for any organism even with the acquisition of one favorable change ... consider the following ... (from: The Lineage of Life Forms)
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Simply put, could chance events give us the world's present array of diverse life forms? Was there enough time in the earth's natural history to make way for all the chance changes and subsequent appearances of modern life? Remember, earlier we noted that life appeared rapidly on the primitive earth. Later we'll run into the notion that waves of life forms appear in brief time spans at various points in time. How might chance events account for rapid bursts of appearance (i.e., the origin) for numerous and very different organisms? What happened to small changes over long periods of time? We'll talk about that later. But first we might ask here, regardless of time, could chance play the role that evolutionists assume? (from: Chance — Probability Alone Should End the Debate...)
The molecular evidence that scientists now gather comes from modern technologies for biochemistry, genetics, genetic engineering, and other areas of research. Mostly, this concerns the DNA and RNA involved in the genetic code, in the processes that build cells and organisms, and further that direct life's activities. Other molecules are important to these studies and much is to be learned in relation to origins or evolution by evaluating the composition and structure of proteins. The genetic code and the information within are topics covered in another feature article (DNA and Information). When considering the standard story for evolution and 'life's tree,' one finds evidence for the lineage of life forms that does not entirely support use of the tree illustration. In this case we encounter terms like hierarchy or typology which suggests life forms are separated into unique groups without the evidence that ties life back to a common ancestral form ... (from: Molecular Evidence)
Life's operation comes down to activities at the cellular level—so, are we keeping tabs on what cells do as if it were the mundane and thus missing something special?
What begins to distinguish the capabilities of the cell from some otherwise constructed factory full of mechanical systems?
Can we stop at some point to grasp the incredible proportions to which cells are so efficient that their systematics begin to reveal something operating beyond chance mechanics—to suggest cell systems are not accidental entities but highly complex and intricately designed entities?