Scientific and Related Responses to Biblical Questions
following questions and answers were collected from non-copyrighted materials
posted on the Internet in the early 1990s. Further questions or communications
should be forwarded to the source of this material:
Dr. Hugh Ross, Reasons to Believe, P.O. Box 5978, Pasadena, CA 91117 (www.reasons.org)
Does Genesis place insects as being created last?
The Biblical creation
account tells us that the creatures that creep along the ground were created
on the sixth day, toward the end of the creation sequence. Many have interpreted
these creeping creatures as insects and, therefore, have concluded that the
Genesis record of creation is out of sync with the scientifically established
Let's look more closely at the text. The creeping creatures are mentioned as a sub-set of a broader category of animals referred by the Hebrew noun nephesh. This word, translated as "soulish animal," refers to those creatures endowed with the capacity to think and feel and choose.
These are the animals we domesticate or choose for pets. Birds and mammals would fit the meaning of nephesh. Therefore, the creeping creatures of Genesis must be mammals. Insects are ruled out. Most likely the reference is to rodents, prairie dogs, rabbits, and the like, creatures which have appeared relatively recently according to the fossil record.
So, the order of events in the first chapter of Genesis is in perfect accord with the established facts of nature. This is just one of many evidences that the Bible is the error free word of God.
does the Bible explain cavemen?
By cavemen I mean not the recent cave-dwelling humans, but earlier creatures such as Homo erectus, Homo habilis, and the Australopithecines. These man-like creatures did exist. The fossil evidence is undeniable.
However, these species went extinct before God created Adam and Eve. The planet was empty of them when God specially created Adam and Eve.
The key distinguishing feature which separates modern man, Adam and Eve, from these prehistoric hominids is the quality called spirit. Spirit is what drives man to worship, to ponder the meaning of life, and to distinguish right from wrong. The hominids were mammals, but only Adam and Eve and their descendants qualify as spirit creatures. This conclusion is confirmed by anthropology. The oldest religious relic ever uncovered dates back only 8 - 24,000 years. This time frame is in agreement with the best Biblical date for the creation of Adam, namely, 8 - 45,000 years ago.
Why would the Bible omit mention of the hominids? I don't believe it does. They are included with the other mammals. They simply do not warrant special mention among the top eleven creation miracles selected for discussion.
the Sun really created after the plants?
Some people think that's what the first chapter of Genesis says. After all. it does say that plants were created on the third day, and the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day. Let's look closely at the text.
The first verse of Genesis states that the heavens and the earth were created in the beginning. This would include the stars, one of which is the sun. The second verse indicates that the creation story will be told from the perspective of planet earth, more specifically from the perspective of an observer on the surface of the earth's ocean under the atmospheric layers.
What happened on the fourth day was not the creation of the sun, but rather a change in the earth's atmosphere from translucent to transparent. The continuous overcast now broke, and now the form, and not just the light, of the sun, moon, and stars became visible. The Hebrew verb nathan is the one used in reference to the sun, moon, and stars on the fourth day. From Hebrew lexicons we learn that one definition of that verb
is to "cause to appear."
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Isn't there a contradiction between Genesis and nature?
Do you know what
excuse people give more than any other for rejecting the Bible? According
to our surveys, it's the seeming contradiction between the creation story
and established facts.
What they need to know is this: as each year goes by, more and more evidence accumulates to confirm not only the fact that God created, but also that the Biblical record of His creation is totally accurate. There is no conflict between the facts of science and the words of the Bible. The same God is responsible for both. The problem lies with our misunderstandings of one or both.
Here is an example. Bible commentaries typically place the viewpoint for Genesis One out in the heavens, looking down on the earth. But, the second verse of Genesis One tells us that it's under the clouds, down on the surface of the waters. That one small correction eliminates the contradiction between the Biblical order of events and the scientific order.
or evolution -- what is truth?
Definitions here are important. Evolution means change with respect to time; evolutionism or Darwinism has come to mean changes by natural means only; while creation means that at least some of the changes come by supernatural means. Natural process evolution adequately describes, for example, the formation of rain drops and the burning of stars. It cannot explain the origin of the universe, the capacity of the earth to support life, or
the origin of life. In fact, in all three of the latter cases, well established facts of science prove beyond any reasonable doubt that supernatural input was required. This does not mean, however, that natural-process changes never occur. Nor does it negate God's superintendence over the natural processes.
The most recent supreme court statement on the teaching of creation and science emphasized the importance of teaching only that which is based on established fact. Research breakthroughs of the last four years powerfully confirm that the established facts of science perfectly match the account given in the Bible. Let's focus our attention and efforts on teaching those facts.
creation or natural process evolution responsible for life?
A good test is to study what's happening right now. This is a fair test because physicists and astronomers confirm that physical conditions now are largely the same as they have been since life has been around.
Recently, ecologists have determined that one species of life goes extinct every hour. Obviously, many of these extinctions result from man's activities pollution, deforestation, and the like. However, these same ecologists concede that at least one species goes extinct every year without man's influence.
The question is, how many new species do we see coming into existence every year? The answer: zero. The emergence of a new animal species in nature has yet to be documented. This means that life is not in natural balance.
If it were not for God's involvement during His time of creating, His supernaturally replacing the species that naturally go extinct, our planet would have been void of life long ago.
it possible for life to evolve by natural means?
Evolution of anything, organic or inorganic, by natural processes alone can be seen as a reasonable conclusion only if we can demonstrate the existence of the following four essentials:
1. the existence of physical mechanisms or processes to generate all the necessary changes
2. the existence of reasonable physical conditions for the mechanisms to work both before and after the
3 . the existence of sufficient results per unit time from the mechanisms; that is, enough surviving individuals of the new type to ensure their survival
4. the existence of real-time observational and statistical verification of the natural change process and mechanisms
We can demonstrate that these essentials are present for rain drop and star formation.
We can demonstrate that none of them exist for the formation of life. Therefore, we can conclude that rain drops and stars form by natural processes, but we must conclude that strictly natural causes are insufficient to explain either the introduction of life or the subsequent development of life.
could Noah's ark hold all those animals? Part 1
Have you ever wondered how Noah's ark could possibly have held all the species of life on the earth? The ark was big, nearly the size of an aircraft carrier. However, even a boat of such size would be too small to hold the millions of animal species found on planet earth, let alone a fourteen-month food supply.
Don't panic. I'm not saying that the Bible is wrong on this point. What you need to know is that the Bible does not claim that every animal species on earth was aboard the ark.
In Genesis 6, 7, 8, and 9 two Hebrew words, nephesh and basar, are used to describe the animals on board the ark. The word nephesh includes birds and mammals only.
The word basar refers more specifically to those birds and mammals that contribute to man's livelihood. Further, the word for world refers to mankind and the area he occupied rather than the entire globe.
Several hundreds of species, at most a few thousand, were indeed brought on board the ark. In any case, the ark was plenty big enough, both for the animals and their food supply. And, Noah's family of eight would be fully capable of caring for these animals on board.
could Noah's ark hold all those animals? Part 2
Did all the creatures of Earth really fit on Noah's ark? No ship we can imagine would be big enough to house over 2,000,000 species. And, besides, how could just eight people care for all of those animals? The Bible tells that Noah's ark was roughly 500 feet long.
That's big, but still inadequate to house pairs of 2,000,000 species plus their food. The crucial point, here has to do with the purpose of God's judgment.
God's stated purpose was to cleanse the earth from the infection of wickedness. So, His destruction would only reach as far as the people and animals irreparably affected by man's rampant sin, namely. Only two Hebrew words are used in the Genesis flood account to refer to the animals taken on board the ark. These are
nephesh and basar.
The word nephesh refers to birds and mammals, the only creatures on earth whose behavior can be affected by
The word basar is specific to those birds and mammals that have actual contact with man.
So, the number of animals on board the ark probably numbered in the hundreds, certainly no more than a few thousand. The ark, then, would have been adequate, and eight people could have cared for all the animals.
Noah's ark still be found on Mount Ararat?
Some Christians have suggested that Noah's ark still rests on top of Mt. Ararat and that its discovery will provide definitive proof of the Genesis Flood. What does the physical evidence say, and what does the Bible say?
First, the Genesis account does not say that the ark came to rest on top of Mt. Ararat. Rather, it says "the ark came to rest on the mountains of Ararat." The Hebrew word for mountains, har, has a very broad definition, from a 50-foot high hill to Mt. Everest. Thus, the expression "the mountains of Ararat" would encompass more than 100,000 square miles of territory north and east of Ninevah.
Second, the dove that Noah released came back to the ark with an olive leaf. Olive branches would be found on the lower hills of Ararat but not on the high mountains. If the ark came to rest on the foothills of Ararat, we can reasonably conclude that its wood was used up long ago for construction projects in and around
tried to read the Bible, but I can't seem to understand what it is saying?
First, I'd like to comment that the Bible compared to the other holy books of the world is remarkably simple, with prose that is direct and specific, and with poetry that is more musical and informative than symbolic and esoteric.
Sometimes difficulty comes from our starting in the middle, or getting bogged down on one tough point. The Bible is meant to be read in its entirety. Many Bible authors assumed that the reader would be familiar with the works of other Bible authors.
Just as we will never learn everything there is to know about the world of nature that God has created, so too, we will never learn all there is to know about the Bible, the book God has inspired. God is infinite. We are finite.
But, the good news is that the Bible clearly reveals the information that is important for us to know, both for our life and relationships here and now, and for the eternity to come.
you would like to learn more about the Bible's most important message, ask
for the introductory free offer of Dr. Hugh Ross's booklet What Is Christianity? Write:
Reasons to Believe, P.O. Box 5978, Pasadena, CA 91117.
do some people try Christianity and leave?
Have you ever run into someone who said he tried Christianity but it didn't work? There can be several reasons for this. One is that a person may want magic rather than God. I'll talk about this issue another time. A more specific problem might be that the person wants to hold onto a grudge.
It won't work. Jesus said that we receive God's forgiveness to the extent that we are willing to extend forgiveness to others. In the New Testament book of Ephesians, God gives us instructions on how to be set free from bitterness. First, we must name names, identify who and what hurt us. We must let ourselves feel that pain and say what we needed and wanted instead of what we got. Then, with God's help, we can gain the
ability to look beyond people's faults and failings in order to see the unmet needs in them that gave rise to the faults.
Having developed this new perspective, we can become tenderhearted, compassionate. We can become more realistic in our expectations of those who wounded us, and we can let go of the need to change them or to take vengeance on them for the way they hurt us. Then, we can experience the freedom that comes from forgiving and being forgiven. God doesn't ask us to go through this process without help. All He asks is that we become willing.
is God's relationship with the Hebrew people?
Does God play favorites? Is God a Zionist because He has been supernaturally assisting the Jews? In Ezekiel's prophecy, chapter 36, we are told, and I quote "It is not for your sake, O house of Israel, that I am going to do these things, but for the sake of my holy name, which you have profaned among the nations å The nations will know that I am the Lord, declares the Sovereign Lord, when I show myself holy through you before their eyes." In other words, God is performing miracles today in and around Israel not as a favor to the Jews, but as a testimony to the truth of His word, and not to gain the attention of the Jews but to gain the attention of the entire world.
can be seen in events between Israel and her Arab neighbors since 1948. Whenever
the Arabs sought to move beyond what God had predicted, they were struck down
by God's miraculous intervention.
And, so were the Jews. In both 1948 and 1973 the Jews found themselves miraculously prevented from achieving certain military objectives˜ objectives clearly beyond what God, through His prophets, had predicted.
are God's miracles today?
When I first read the Bible, I was envious of the ancient Israelites. They saw such mighty works of God as Moses parting the Red Sea and David defeating Goliath. Where are the mighty works of God now, I wondered?
Fortunately, I continued reading the Bible, and as I did I discovered many interesting predictions. More than 200 concerned the rebirth of Israel as a nation. I read in Ezekiel how Israel would be born at a time when other nations would declare the Jewish national movement finished, dead, as response to their seeing huge valleys filled with the bones of Jews. In the Psalms, King David prophesied that the key battles for founding this new nation would be fought by those who had once been sentenced to death. In Jeremiah I read how Jerusalem for the first time would expand outside the city walls with nine new suburbs, names and locations specified.
Microfilms of newspapers printed in my lifetime confirmed to me that everything the Bible predicted about this second rebirth of Israel had come true. No longer could I view the Bible as archaic. It was up to the minute, speaking personally to me, giving me and my generation solid proofs of God's ongoing activity.
contradiction in the Old and New Testament
treatment of an "eye for and eye"
Skeptics often claim that the Bible contains contradictions. When pressed for an example, it's not uncommon for them to quote an "eye for an eye" from the Old Testament in contrast with Jesus' words in the gospels to "turn the other cheek." Are the skeptics right, or are they failing to examine the Biblical context?
In declaring an "eye for an eye," Moses in Deuteronomy 19 speaks about the responsibility of the government to punish false witnesses. Whatever court penalty intended for the accused victim is to be meted out to the false witness. In saying "turn the other cheek" Jesus in Luke 6 states that an individual is not to strike back when
persecuted or personally insulted by another, but rather to return good. "Do good to those who hate you," Jesus says in the same paragraph.
Not only is there no contradiction, but the Bible, Old and New Testament, is consistent both on its teachings about the exercise of justice by governments and about the exercise of love and forbearance by individuals.
the Bible the only source of truth?
Have your friends ever reacted to your belief that the Bible is the only book of Truth? You may be glad to hear that your belief has a basis in scientific fact. In this decade, astronomers and physicists have proven that the universe˜ and even time itself˜ has a beginning. And that beginning requires a Creator who exists beyond our
dimensions of space and time.
In addition to this significant discovery, astronomers have gone on to show that the Creator is personal. They have shown it in this way: more than thirty design features of the universe and of planet earth reveal an incredibly sensitive fine tuning. It is now more obvious than ever that God specially shaped and prepared the universe, and the earth, for mankind.
Of all the writings forming the basis for the different religions of the world, only one, the Bible, agrees with these on-going scientific breakthroughs. We live in a day when findings every year at the frontiers of research in astronomy, physics, and other fields, simply multiply the weight of evidence for the unique and supernatural accuracy of the Bible.
did Cain get his wife?
Have you ever been asked where Cain got his wife, plus all the people to build and occupy his city? The truth is that people really did live to be about 900 years old. This fact is supported in writings other than the Bible.
Furthermore, in the last ten years, scientific evidence has arisen on the effects of the Vela supernova to explain how these long life spans may have been possible.
Given the 900 year life spans, a reproductive rate of one child every five years per couple, and a reproductive period of 600 years per couple, there could have been 6000 people on the earth by the time Adam reached age 350. By his 900th birthday there could have been 4.5 billion. Hence, Cain would have had no problem finding a wife or people to populate his city. Obviously, Cain or one of his brothers must have married a sister.
This union is not a problem genetically, since genetic weaknesses from intermarriage would not appear until after several generations. Neither is it a problem morally, for the command against marrying close relatives did not appear until the days of Moses. Abraham, you may recall, was married to his half-sister.
can the Bible be trusted if it contains scientific errors?
If the Bible includes scientific errors, either God is not totally knowledgeable about the universe and the earth, or the Bible is not the word of God. As a skeptical unbeliever and physics student, I studied the Bible daily for two years looking for a provable scientific error. I could not find a single one. No on else has either.
Rather, the Bible is filled with correctly stated scientific facts far in advance of the discoveries that established them as true. The laws of thermodynamics are correctly given; so is the water cycle, also the shape of the earth, the order of creation events, and certain laws of health and sanitation, to name just a few. These scientific forecasts are presented so specifically that the odds of their being merely coincidental are astronomically small. Thus, they constitute powerful proof that the Bible is indeed the inspired, inerrant word of God.
reliable is the Bible?
When you walk out your front door on a warm summer morning, do you worry about your blood turning to ice in your veins? I doubt it. My guess is that you've never thought for a moment about that prospect even though it is a mathematical possibility. You don't have to think about it because the laws of heat and motion are so reliable, and that possibility is very remote. The laws of thermodynamics are so dependable that we easily, in fact reasonably, take them for granted. Did you know that it's possible to demonstrate to your skeptical friends that the Bible is every bit as reliable as those laws.
Simply on the basis of fulfilled prophecies and accurately forecasted scientific discoveries, we can show that
the Bible is a surer bet than those laws of heat and motion on which we daily gamble our lives. If you wonder
how I can make such a bold claim, please put me to the test.
God or man write the Bible? Part 1
How can we tell whether God or mere men were responsible for the Bible or for any other book of "holy writ." One way is to examine the perspective. Men will write from their own limited point of view. It is reasonable to expect that God, on the other hand, would communicate to us from a perspective that goes beyond our limited frame of reference.
Man's finite universe is limited to the four dimensions of length, width, height, and time. No wonder, then, that a man- invented religion will confine God and God's interaction with man to these four dimensions. But, since God the Creator must live beyond these four He created, a message truly from Him will reveal His perspective from extra dimensions. In this respect, among others, the Bible is unique.
The Bible alone contains descriptions of an entirely self-consistent, yet extra-dimensional reality, such as the beginning of space and time, God's operations before time began, and God as one, two, and three persons simultaneously. The Bible alone teaches such doctrines as the simultaneity of free-choice and predetermination.
For these and many other reasons, it is sensible to conclude that the Bible alone is the written word of God to man.
God or man write the Bible? Part 2
How can we tell whether God or men were responsible for the Bible? One way is to examine its accuracy. We can expect that men make mistakes, but that God never does. Even our most carefully composed textbooks contain some imperfections.
The Bible, by
contrast, shows itself to be perfect˜ perfect in its consistency, free
of internal contradictions, and accurate in its statements about history and
the natural world. The Bible writers even dared to predict future events and
future discoveries of science. They did so not just a few times, but more
than three thousand times, and with a degree of specificity found in no other
In its predictions, the Bible gives peoples' names, geographical places, dates, and descriptions of events hundreds, sometimes thousands, of years in advance. In statements about nature, such things as the water cycle, the shape of the earth, the rules of health, and the origin of the universe, the Bible again reaches hundreds even thousands of years ahead. And the Bible has never been wrong. I urge you to check it out for yourself.
what measure does God judge us?
Whether it's acknowledged or not, the most important issue facing all of us is whether or not there is a day of judgment, and if so, how will God evaluate our lives? The consensus view among all major religions is that we will face a day of reckoning. Most portray judgment day as a weighing of good deeds versus bad deeds.
This seems fair
from a human perspective, but the Bible reveals a different perspective˜
that even our most righteous deeds are like filthy rags in comparison with
God's holiness. Why? Because it is unrealistic and unrighteous for us to take
credit for goodness that did not emanate from us, but rather from the One
who made us.
The Bible declares that if we respond to God in humility and depend wholly upon His goodness and mercy, expressed tangibly in Jesus Christ's life, death, and resurrection, He will forget every bad thing we have ever done and reward us according to our responsiveness to Him. If, on the other hand, a person never bows his heart in surrender to God, God will forget every good thing he has done, and judge him according to his bad deeds.
In other words, God judges us on the stuff that's on one side of the balance scale only. This picture of judgment is unique to the Bible. But, this is to be expected. Only the Bible transcends man's perspective to reveal for us God's love and justice and mercy.
tried to become a Christian, but couldn't.
Have you ever met someone who said he tried to become a Christian, but just couldn't do it? There can be several reasons for this. One is that the person may have hit the barrier of occult involvement. If he's willing to acknowledge and turn away from that involvement, no problem. If not, big problem.
Let's define our
terms. The occult would include any attempt to gain power or knowledge through
Satan or one of his cohorts, the demons. Obvious attempts include participating
in a sceance, playing with a Ouija board, visiting a fortune teller, or practicing
astrology. More subtle attempts may include possession of occultic records,
tapes, books, pictures, charms, games, or other such objects.
If you or someone
you love need to break through the occult barrier, here are four steps you
1. Identify any and all open doors to occult influence.
2.Agree with God in prayer your opening these doors to the occult was wrong.
3. Take action to show your repentance. Des troy any and all occultic objects and have nothing further to do with them or with occultic practices.
4.Ask Jesus Christ to be the master of your life submitting your will to His.
5. Dedicate your soul, mind, and strength to be used for fulfilling His purposes.
How is one saved?
Have you ever considered how incredibly compact the Bible is? In a little less than a million words, 39 authors provide insight on every kind of problem that man has ever faced or ever will face.
There is one problem, the most basic problem, that every one of the 66 books of the Bible addresses; namely, how can an imperfect human being develop a relationship with a holy and perfect God?
eternal relationship with God is the essence of Christianity. What is the
starting point? It is to become convinced, through a proper examination of
the evidences God has provided in nature and in the Bible, that God is perfect
and we humans are not.
The Bible clearly
states that God is perfection, but it also says that God is so loving that
He would not leave us hopelessly distant from Him in our state of imperfection
without providing some way to come to Him.
He Himself is the only one wise enough and powerful enough to provide that means of bridging the gap. If we publicly trust in His means (His Son's sacrificial death on the cross) and no other, receive His pardon for our imperfection, and commit ourselves to follow His instructions for our lives, we will enter into an eternal relationship of love with Him.
can I know I am saved?
A lot of people claim to be Christians but how many of them really are? How can anyone really be sure that he or she has received God's gift of eternal life?
The signs of a
permanent personal relationship with God have very little to do with outward
performance at church, or even supernatural signs and wonders. According to the Bible, the marks of a true believer are new desires, sensitivities, and strengths. For example:
A new desire to study the words of God, found in the Bible.
A discovery that the Bible now comes alive when it is read.
A new desire for communication with God through prayer.
An informed certainty that Jesus is the way to God, the one and only.
A heightened conscience, keener sensitivity to right and wrong.
A genuine love for others and a desire for fellowship with other believers.
A new strength to do what is right and to withstand temptation.
These are just some of them. For someone who has just given his life to Christ's control, these indicators may be latent. However, in time, with the nurturing and encouragement of the Holy Spirit within and supportive people around, they will be evidenced to a greater and greater degree.
the universe infinite?
" ... it really does matter, and matters very much, how we think about the cosmos," says author, historian, and college president George Roche. Unfortunately, the predominant world view is that the universe is infinite, and therefore, the dice of chance can be thrown as often as necessary to explain even such amazing improbabilities as atoms self-assembling into living things.
However, in this
decade, astronomers and physicists have proven that the universe is finite˜
in time and in extent. Though it is extremely old and big, it is still absurdly
too young and absurdly too small to explain life's coming together by natural
processes. Furthermore, astronomers have gone on to prove that the universe
requires a Creator, a Creator who exists beyond our dimensions of space and
time. Of all the writings forming the basis for the different religions of
the world, only one, the Bible, agrees with these latest scientific breakthroughs.
We live in a day when findings every year at the frontiers of research in astronomy, physics, and other fields, simply multiply the weight of evidence for the supernatural accuracy of the Bible.
there life on Mars?
A Viking spacecraft looked a few years ago without success. The Soviet space agency and NASA will soon try again, using much more sophisticated testing instruments. Why such great expenditure of effort and money?
are convinced that life evolves naturally not just on Earth but elsewhere
throughout our universe. According to these scientists, the discovery of life
on Mars would prove that life evolved. And, if it evolved on two out of nine
of planets in our solar system, then life may be abundant in other stellar
experts are ignoring just how transportable and survivable the Earth's life-forms
are. Balloon studies have found microorganisms high up in the earth's stratosphere.
From these high altitudes, the solar wind is capable of pushing the organisms
all the way to the surface of Mars. Also, ancient asteroid collisions with
the earth could have sent life-carrying earth material to Mars.
We should expect to find many species of earth life at least as far away as Mars. So, don't be deceived. The discovery of minute life-forms on Mars proves nothing about the natural evolution of life.
about some other kind of life? part 1
When people see and hear evidence which shows them the virtual impossibility of life coming together by chance through natural means, sometimes they argue, "Well, that's just life as we know it." What about some other kind of life? Perhaps natural processes could make living things quite different from what we know.
The answer is
that a chemistry complex enough to store information, to generate reproduction,
and to process energy into useful work is a fundamental necessity. Such complex
chemistries can be built on only three atoms˜ carbon, silicon, and boron.
Let's take silicon,
first. Silicon permits molecular assemblages containing no more than 100 amino
acids. Even enzymes require more than that. That rules out silicon life. Now
for boron. Boron may permit more amino acids, but boron is rare in the universe,
so rare as to eliminate it as a realistic possibility. That leaves us with
carbon. Carbon-based life really does seem to be the only physical life in
Since new scientific proofs establish that the entire universe is at least 10^100,000,000,000 times too small or too young to permit the natural formation of any form of carbon- based life, the only rational conclusion is that God alone is responsible for the formation of life.
about some other kind of life? part 2
When people see the evidence which shows them the virtual impossibility of life coming together by chance through natural means, they often argue, "Well, that's just life as we know it." What about some other kind of life? Virtually the entire community of life scientists concur that physical organisms have no option but to be built on carbon. And, the calculations demonstrating the utter implausibility of life developing by natural processes alone are easily substantiated. But, of course, there is another kind of life: spiritual life.
of general relativity, the big bang origin of the universe, and some newly
fundamental particles all require a Creator God who lives in dimensions including and beyond the dimensions of our universe. The Bible speaks of Him and about His creating other living beings, such as angels, some of whom the Bible tells us chose to rebel against Him. Therefore, while there isn't the slightest possibility for other physical life-forms, there does exist the probability for spiritual life-forms.
dinosaurs and men walk the earth together?
Did dinosaurs and men walk together? What is the scientific evidence, and what does the Bible say? The number of dinosaur fossils is truly enormous, permitting many facts to be established. One of these facts about dinosaurs is that they suffered a mass extinction long before Adam and Eve were created.
The Bible makes no mention of dinosaurs. A few Bible interpreters identify the "behemoth" and "leviathan" in the book of Job as dinosaurs. But, the word behemoth appears in Genesis chapters one and seven as a subset of the Hebrew word nephesh, which refers to birds and mammals. Since dinosaurs are reptiles, they would be ruled out.
Furthermore, a close examination of Job 40 and 41 reveals many metaphorical phrases describing behemoth and leviathan as creatures terrifying to human beings. Anatomically, the descriptions perhaps best fit the hippopotamus and the crocodile. These two species, incidentally, rank first and second in the animal kingdom as killers of human beings.
The Bible makes no mention of dinosaurs simply for the sake of succinctness. The Bible is highly selective in its description of creation miracles.
The WindowView drops many of the typical presumptions to take another look. What does scientific data tell us if we start without assumptions? And ... how contiguous is science information if examined along with scriptural perspectives provided by the Bible? The Bible is the only religious or holy book we know of that is in fact consistent with science. While not a textbook, the Scriptures are either contradictory or complementary to scientific perspectives. Have you looked at these perspectives? To see 'Science and Scripture in Harmony' is to reveal life, reality, and your future.